Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

The working model of memory was first proposed by Baddeley and Hitch (1974) in response to Atkinson and Shiffrin's multistore model of memory. The latter model suggested that memory was comprised of three main components - a sensory store, a short-term memory store, and a long-term memory store.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Outline and Evaluate the Working Memory Model Essay The working memory model is a theory for how short-term memory works, and an expansion of the views expressed in the MSM theory. Baddeley and Hitch in 1974 felt that STM was not just one store but a collection of different stores.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Outline and evaluate the working memory model Essay Sample. The working memory model has three separate components. The central executive system allocates attention to different inputs and monitoring the operation of the other two components.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Outline And Evaluate The Working Model Of Memory Baddeley and Hitch proposed that memory has 4 components.The central executive, phonological loop, visuospatial sketchpad and the episodic buffer.The central executive decides how to share out and direct attention to incoming information.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

The working memory model has strength over the multi-store model as it provides with a more in depth analysis of short term memory than the multi store model. It also helps to explain why individuals may be better at some short term memory tasks, but not others.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Suggested Answer: The working memory model (WMM) was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch (1974) to account for some of the limitations of the multi-store model. They felt that short-term memory consists of multiple stores and not just one unitary store and that STM is an active process (hence working memory).

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Outline and evaluate the Working Memory Model. The Working Memory Model (WMM) is a model of the STM. The WMM was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch when they carried out a Dual-task method experiment only to find that the MSM was too simple as it stated that the STM is only one store.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Baddeley’s 2000 working memory model can be applied to real life situations such as patients with amnesia and Alzheimer’s disease. However the model should be developed further by analysing the true measurement of its capacity.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

The working memory model was proposed by Baddeley and Hitch in 1974. This was an alternative to the multi-store model because they believed it was too simplistic and did not explain how memories are transferred into the long term memory without rehearsal which can be supported by flashbulb memories e. g. the death of princess Diana.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Resource includes answers to the following essay questions: Outline and evaluate research related to the features of short-term memory (16) Discuss the multi-store model of memory (16) Describe and evaluate different types of long-term memory (16) Describe and evaluate the working memory model (16).

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Outline and evaluate the working memory model (16 marks) Challenging evidence: With evidence that challenges a theory, this usually leads to further research to see if the challenging findings were just a one off, or specific to the conditions of the study.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Baddeley and Hitch proposed the Working Memory Model (WMM) and supported their findings through conducting experiments which proved that the participants couldn’t perform two tasks if they were competing for the use of the same section of the WMM.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Working memory has also been useful in understanding some of the cognitive changes associated with mental illnesses. For example, Park et al. (1999) found that working memory deficit may be an important indicator in schizophrenia. There are many strengths and weaknesses of the working memory model.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Baddeley and Hitch (1974) developed an alternative model of short-term memory which they called the working memory model. The working memory model consists of four components. The central executive which controls and co-ordinates the operation of two subsystems, the phonological loop and the visuo-spatial sketchpad.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

Working memory is supported by dual task studies (Baddeley and Hitch, 1976). The working memory model does not over emphasise the importance of rehearsal for STM retention, in contrast to the multistore model. Although brilliant in most aspects there are a few criticisms in the working of the working memory model.

Outline And Evaluate The Working Memory Model Essay

The multi-store model of memory has been criticised in many ways. The following example illustrates a possible criticism. Some students read through their revision notes lots of times before an examination, but still find it difficult to remember the information.